Silk in the Indian subcontinent - Wikipedia
Silk in the Indian subcontinent is a luxury good. In India, about 97% of the raw mulberry silk is produced in the five Indian states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Jammu and Kashmir. Mysore and North Bangalore , the upcoming site of a US$20 million "Silk The ancient centres were situated mainly in Gujarat, Malwa and South India. Always refold silk sarees every 3 months to avoid tear. Bought directly from the weavers in Bangalore. Other sarees: First one is the more traditional one and 15 years old, second one is copper sulfate blue .. Dating, Davidoff, Day Cream, Day Cream, DD Cream, De Lorenzo, Dear Dahlia, Dear Packer. Ranging from its silk sarees to Mysore pak (which I have already raved about in my previous blog on Mysore) to wooden handicrafts, One of the most popular shopping destinations in the city is the Devaraja Market (Dating from Tipu Distance from Bangalore: Mysore can be conveniently reached.
Old silk sarees for cash in bangalore dating. bikei.info
In recent years, the Indian government has attempted a modest revival of this art by setting up a shawl-weaving centre at Kanihama in Kashmir. Efforts to revive this art have also been made by bringing in innovations like the creation of jamawar saris by craftsmen in Varanasi.
Each sari is a shimmering tapestry of intricate design, in colours that range from the traditionally deep, rich shades to delicate pastels.
A minimum of four months of patient effort goes into the creation of each jamawar sari. Many of the jamawar saris now have matching silk shawls attached to them, creating elegant ensembles fit for royalty. Weaving of jamawar in Pakistan[ edit ] Pakistan makes its own yarn from the imported cocoons that come from China. The yarn is cultivated in areas like Orangi and Shershah in Karachi which is then sold to the weavers.
The pure silk yarn, before it can be used, has to undergo treatment such as bleaching or washing in soap and then dyeing. In its raw state, the silk is hard due to the sericlan; therefore it has to be removed. A single filament of the silk yarn is not strong enough to be woven on its own; therefore, it needs to be twisted in order to give it strength and hold.
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A specific person who is called a naqsha-bandh first draws the patterns or designs on paper which are then transferred on a graph paper on a comparatively much bigger scale. Every square in the graph signifies a specific number of threads on the loom.
The unfinished, rough ideas and sketches are provided to these naqsha-bandhs by the wholesalers and are thus plotted on the graph.
The use of various threads in the pattern such as zari, resham, polyester, etc.Rukmini Hall - an authentic silk saree shop in Bangalore
The wholesalers later decide the main colours and this information are forwarded to the weavers. The naqsha-bandhs do not have say in the designing of the motifs and patterns. They do what they are told to do. The designs and patterns are then transferred from the graph paper on a wooden frame and are referred to as the naqsha. The naqsha that is made with cotton threads is a smaller sample of the actual design, which is to be woven on the loom.
The warp is then taken for the weaving process, which is carried out, on various looms such as the pit loom, jacquard loom and power loom. There is a vast difference between the outputs of the three types of looms. The power looms cannot match the intricacy that can be achieved using the pit or jacquard loom. This is the reason for the far superior workmanship that can be found in the earlier designs dating back to the Mughal era.
Significant regions of silk[ edit ] Main article: Assam silk Assam silk denotes the three major types of indigenous wild silks produced in Assam—golden muga, white pat and warm eri silk. The Assam silk industry, now centred in Sualkuchiis a labour-intensive industry. In Karnataka, silk is mainly grown in the Mysore district.
Silk in the Indian subcontinent
In the second half of the 20th century, it revived and the Mysore State became the top multivoltine silk producer in India. From the past Kanchipuram silk sarees stand out from others due to its intricate weaving patterns and the quality of the silk itself.
Kanchipuram silk sarees are large and heavy owing to the zari work on the saree. Kanchipuram attracts large number of people, both from India and abroad, who come specifically to buy the silk sarees.
Most of the sarees are still hand woven by workers in the weaving unit. More than families still indulge in silk weaving. In the noted film director Priyadarshan made a Tamil film Kanchivaram about the silk weavers of the town during the pre-independence period. The saris are among the finest saris in India and are known for their gold and silver brocade or zari, fine silk and opulent embroidery. The saris are made of finely woven silk and are decorated with intricate design, and, because of these engravings, are relatively heavy.
The weaving of a silken dream – Citizen Matters, Bengaluru
Their special characteristics are Mughal inspired designs such as intricate intertwining floral and foliate motifs, kalga and bel, a string of upright leaves called jhallar at the outer, edge of border is a characteristic of these saris.
Other features are gold work, compact weaving, figures with small details, metallic visual effects, pallus, jal a net like patternand mina work. The saris are often part of an Indian bride's trousseau. Depending on the intricacy of its designs and patterns, a sari can take from 15 days to a month and sometimes up to six months to complete. Banarasi saris are mostly worn by Indian women on important occasions such as when attending a wedding and are expected to be complemented by the woman's best jewellery.
It has always been a big textile centre of silk weaving. European travellers like Marco Polo — and Tavernier do not mention the manufacture of brocades in Banaras. Ralph Fitch —91 describes Banaras as a thriving sector of the cotton textile industry.
The earliest mention of the brocade and Zari textiles of Banaras is found in the 19th century. Referred as the cultural capital of South karnataka, Mysore is well known for its festivities apart from its palaces and sarees and hndicrafts.
The 10 day Dasara festival is celebratted on a large scale in Mysore at the Chamunda Temple. For all the art fanatics and foodies like me, Mysore is calling! And the best part is that it can be covered as a long weekend getaway from Kolkata! Rs 13, per person inclusive of 3-star hotel stay for 2 nights in Ooty and 1 night in Mysore Distance from Bangalore: Mysore can be conveniently reached through a direct flight or via a flight to Bengaluru and further by taxi.
Families, History Lovers, Couples Things to see: It is no surprise that it has an interesting history as it was a thriving industry in itself in the state. Advertisement Silk material and saris Pic: Madhu Niranjan The state sericulture industry saw successful highs in the past before it went down due to several reasons, including lack of technology upgrade at the right time.
Bangalore for sure has had a pivotal role to play in the success of the silk industry. We now make an attempt to trace the origins of the rich heritage of the silk saree. The beginnings of sericulture can be traced to the last quarter of the eighteenth century; much of the credit goes to Tipu Sultan for spearheading this initiative.
The Tiger of Mysore set up a silk worm rearing unit in the southern part of the dominion at Channapatna. This company got assistance from the princely government.
On a visit to Japan inJamsedji found the Japanese skilled at sericulture. He invited a Japanese couple, who were experts at this to come to India.
Jamsedji chose Bangalore due to its favourable climate and for its mulberry trees, as well as the fledgling silk industry, thanks to Tipu Sultan.