William Randolph Hearst - Wikipedia
Rich Brian Changes Name To Poor Brian After Taking Lily MayMac On Date. It's official. Polly is a education and family affairs journalist for The Yap Native. John Morrison Cole (23 November – 7 November ) was a journalist and broadcaster . The earliest were The Poor of the Earth, on developing countries, and The Thatcher Years (). After his Tributes were paid by journalists, broadcasters and politicians across the political spectrum. Prime Minister David. Mar 11, Two years ago, I was a political reporter at Politico, and I spent my days covering the back-and-forth of presidential politics. I had access to the.
They're trained to sense the tone of an interviewee through the phone -- they're like guard dogs at an airport -- so never think you've said or done something that's gone under the table. Chances are, it'll come back to haunt you about four months and 18 days later, with a proper reference to the original scenario. Plus, some journos even come with photographic memory -- that's a whole new level of freak show!
They will remember your words: Whether you say it in writing or over the phone, journos don't forget words.
They will remember whatever you say -- in lust or disgust -- and remind you of it. They are programmed to remember events and interviews, so to do follow-up stories, and they are fast-learners hence amazing at their jobso be careful with what comes out of your mouth around these fellas.
And while you're at it, know that they can manipulate the thesaurus a little too well; they will say words that mean one thing on face value and a crazy level of WTF when really read into. They will correct your grammar and spellings, all the time: A snobby trait that is really difficult to let go of -- journalists are trained writers and English language is part of their DNA.
Ensure your punctuations and spellings are under a vigil eye when you text or email them, because they will pick it within seconds, and won't be afraid to correct you. On the flip side, they will be the first ones to notice if your vocabulary is better than theirs, and just quietly, that's a big turn-on!
They are social media addicts: Just like your spreadsheet dramas at midnight, being constantly on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Pinterest is part of their job. Being a "social media expert" does not equal "liking" Mean Girls memes on Facebook don't ever say that to them, for the sake of your pretty nose. This job is rather tedious and stressful.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. However, because of the nature of the audience who the information is meant for, it has become important that a professional should be there to put the piece of information together for public consumption, bearing in mind their diversities.
The advent of the Internet has seen news evolve from the newsroom to the smartphones of almost everybody. Citizen journalism has thrown a big challenge to professional journalism today. In a country like Nigeria where politicians have turned media organizations as organs of propaganda, it is becoming difficult to distinguish a professional journalist from a praise singer. This paper intends to look at the practice of journalism from the Nigerian perspective.
The paper will make use of the Utilitarian Theory of Ethics and the Social Responsibility Theory of the press Keywords Brown Envelope; Professionalism; Citizen Journalism; Ownership; Utilitarianism Introduction Journalism in Nigeria has its roots from the days of the struggle for independence from the British colonialists.
The print media played an active role in the struggle for independence in Nigeria. Nationalists like Hebert Macaulay, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Obafemi Awolowo among other set up newspapers and later on became great icons of leadership in the country, whose shoes have remained too big for the feet of modern crop of leaders in the continent to fit in.
Hence, in the past, journalism in Nigeria was a profession that was credited to people of noble character. Evidently, Nigerian Journalism was not guided at inception by any law or regulations. This foundation is still playing a role in defining the practice of journalism in the country, more than a century after the practice started in the country. Ownership and control play very strong roles in defining what becomes news in the country. Thus, a well written story no matter how well investigated it may be may not see the light of the day if it continuously steps on the toes of the government in power or the rich in society who constitute those that place advertisements in the newspaper or broadcast organization.
Journalists are left at cross roads in the country from choosing between professionalism and survival.
John Cole (journalist)
Amidst these confusion is the non-payment of salaries to journalists as at when due. This is despite the fact that the salaries are not even enough to take care of the basic needs of the journalists. It is common to hear the word, brown envelope a subtle way of calling a bribe.
Journalists can be spotted at the end of every media event, waiting on politicians and other rich newsmakers to give them brown envelope. In this regard, the brown envelope is seen as the motivation needed to get the story written. News makers who are in the habit of not giving brown envelopes stand the risk of being avoided like a plague by the journalists no matter how important the information they have may be. At the end of the day, the dent on the profession becomes enormous.
Journalism and Ethics Though different scholars define who a journalist is in different ways, the 10 attributes of a journalist as given by Reuters Handbook, encompasses the meaning of who a journalist is: Being the fourth estate of the realm, it gets attention from both the government of the day and the general public.
Governments of countries always want to know what the journalists in the country, especially the nosy ones are up to at any point in time. In the midst of this confusion coupled with poor pay packages in countries like Nigeria if the salaries ever come in time Journalism is a noble profession. In the midst of this confusion coupled with poor pay packages in countries like Nigeria if the salaries ever come in time Ethics means different things to different journalists.
Different moral scholars have had different versions of what they see as ethical. According to Glasser et al. Ethics in this tradition views disputes and disagreements as an opportunity for a public discussion open to everyone affected by what the press does; it thus expects from journalists a commitment to respond, openly and candidly, to any serious question about what they do and why they do it.
Above all else, ethics understood this way depends on the competence to communicate in a way that makes clear how judgments inform choices and how principles inform judgments; it depends, therefore, on eloquence among journalists commensurate with the eloquence of their most worthy critics. Ethics is important in every profession because it serves as source of guidance against excesses by members of such professions. Irrespective of whether a journalist is reporting for a local media organization or an international one, since it is journalism is put in practice, the same ethics apply to all.
McQuail [ 5 ] explained that: The scholar is of the opinion that the opinion reflects the general process of professionalism of journalism, but also the wish of the media industry to protect itself from criticism and especially from threat of external intervention and reduced autonomy.
From a general point of view, the codes of ethics of one country may differ in many ways from the codes of ethics of another country as a result of differences in such things like: Professional Journalist Citizen journalism gained popularity with the technological success of the Internet which gave birth to the social media. The ability of the public to be involved in the packaging of news is part of the provisions of the democratic participant media theory as propounded by Denis McQuail.
Part of its provision holds that the mass media have become too socially important to be left in the hands of professionals. The advent of the Internet facilitated the process of sending and receiving messages real time irrespective of distance or geographical terrain.
George Orwell - Wikipedia
Members of the public became empowered to manipulate what was before now the monopoly of the professional journalists. The idea of members of the public participating in journalism has received varied nomenclatures.
Rosen [ 9 ] describes it thus: They take full advantage of interactive Web 2. As the definitions for citizen journalism are many, so are its applications by the citizen journalists. It could be a less sophisticated device as an old fashioned still or video camera or a midget or a sophisticated smartphone with all the gadgets inbuilt to record video and audio and compose graphics. This brand of journalism has triggered revolutions in different parts of the world which resulted in change both negative and positive.
A Progressive Writer Was a Bad Boyfriend. And Then He Was Fired for It.
It has won the hearts of many for some of the following reasons: It gives room for freedom of speech. He said that he might write a book in the style of H. Wells 's A Modern Utopia. During this period, he also enjoyed shooting, fishing and birdwatching with Jacintha's brother and sister.
Cyprian inspired his essay " Such, Such Were the Joys ". At the age of five, Eric was sent as a day-boy to a convent school in Henley-on-Thames, which Marjorie also attended. It was a Roman Catholic convent run by French Ursuline nuns, who had been exiled from France after religious education was banned in In SeptemberEric arrived at St Cyprian's.
He boarded at the school for the next five years, returning home only for school holidays. During this period, while working for the Ministry of Pensions, his mother lived at 23 Cromwell Crescent, Earls Court. He knew nothing of the reduced fees, although he "soon recognised that he was from a poorer home". Many years later, as the editor of HorizonConnolly published several of Orwell's essays. But inclusion on the Eton scholarship roll did not guarantee a place, and none was immediately available for Blair.
He chose to stay at St Cyprian's until Decemberin case a place at Eton became available. In May a place became available as a King's Scholar at Eton.
Blair remained at Eton until Decemberwhen he left midway between his 18th and 19th birthday. Wellington was "beastly", Orwell told his childhood friend Jacintha Buddicom, but he said he was "interested and happy" at Eton.
GowFellow of Trinity College, Cambridgewho also gave him advice later in his career. Steven Runcimanwho was at Eton with Blair, noted that he and his contemporaries appreciated Huxley's linguistic flair. His parents could not afford to send him to a university without another scholarship, and they concluded from his poor results that he would not be able to win one. Runciman noted that he had a romantic idea about the East and the family decided that Blair should join the Imperial Policethe precursor of the Indian Police Service.
For this he had to pass an entrance examination. In December he left Eton and travelled to join his retired father, mother, and younger sister Avril, who that month had moved to 40 Stradbroke Road, SouthwoldSuffolk, the first of their four homes in the town. He passed the entrance exam, coming seventh out of the 26 candidates who exceeded the pass mark.
A month later, he arrived at Rangoon and travelled to the police training school in Mandalay. He was appointed an Assistant District Superintendent on 29 November Working as an imperial police officer gave him considerable responsibility while most of his contemporaries were still at university in England.
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When he was posted farther east in the Delta to Twante as a sub-divisional officer, he was responsible for the security of somepeople. At the end ofhe was posted to Syriamcloser to Rangoon. Syriam had the refinery of the Burmah Oil Company"the surrounding land a barren waste, all vegetation killed off by the fumes of sulphur dioxide pouring out day and night from the stacks of the refinery.
She noted his "sense of utter fairness in minutest details". He spent much of his time alone, reading or pursuing non- pukka activities, such as attending the churches of the Karen ethnic group.
A colleague, Roger Beadon, recalled in a recording for the BBC that Blair was fast to learn the language and that before he left Burma, "was able to speak fluently with Burmese priests in 'very high-flown Burmese. At the end of that year, he was assigned to Katha in Upper Burmawhere he contracted dengue fever in Entitled to a leave in England that year, he was allowed to return in July due to his illness.
While on leave in England and on holiday with his family in Cornwall in Septemberhe reappraised his life. Deciding against returning to Burma, he resigned from the Indian Imperial Police to become a writer, with effect from 12 March after five-and-a-half years of service. London and Paris Blair's lodgings in Portobello RoadLondon In England, he settled back in the family home at Southwoldrenewing acquaintance with local friends and attending an Old Etonian dinner.
He visited his old tutor Gow at Cambridge for advice on becoming a writer. He had found a subject. These sorties, explorations, expeditions, tours or immersions were made intermittently over a period of five years. On his first outing he set out to Limehouse Causewayspending his first night in a common lodging house, possibly George Levy's 'kip'.
For a while he "went native" in his own country, dressing like a trampadopting the name P. Burton and making no concessions to middle-class mores and expectations; he recorded his experiences of the low life for use in " The Spike ", his first published essay in English, and in the second half of his first book, Down and Out in Paris and London